TCM Alternatives to Wild Animal Preparations

Browse this website to find plant and mineral based alternatives to wild animal ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine preparations. Please consult the medical disclaimer tab above before using this website

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Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ci ji li / bai ji li

Plant species contained within preparation

Tribulus terrestris LINNEAUS

Da ye gou teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Uncaria Macrophylla Wall.

Dai zhe shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Haematite

Gou teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Uncaria sessilifructus ROXB.
Uncaria hirsuta HAVIL.
Uncaria erhynchophylla (MIQ.) JACKS.
Uncaria sinensis (OLIV.) HAVIL.
Uncaria macrophylla WALL.

Hua gou teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Uncaria sessilifructus Roxb

Lu dou yi

Plant species contained within preparation

Glycine max (Linnaeus) Merr

Luo bu ma ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Apocynum venetum Linnaeus

Mao gou teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Uncaria hirsuta Havil

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Che qian zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Plantago depressa WILLD.
Plantago asiatica L.

Zhen zhu mu

Plant species contained within preparation

Pteria martensii (DUNKER)
Hyriopsis cumingii (LEA)
Cristaria plicata (LEACH)

Gu jing cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Eriocaulon Buergerianum KOERN.

Ju hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chrysanthemum morifolium RAMAT.

Jue ming zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cassia tora L.
Cassia obtusifolia L.

Man jing zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Vitis trifolia L. var. simplicifolia CHAM.

Mi meng hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Buddleja officinalis MAXIM.

Mu zei

Plant species contained within preparation

Equisetum hyemale L.

Qing xiang zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Celosia argentea L.

Sang ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus Alba L.

Shi jue ming

Plant species contained within preparation

Haliotis ovina GMELIN
Haliotis laevigata (DONOVAN)
Haliotis diversicolor REEVE
Haliotis ruber (LEACH)
Haliotis discus hannai INO
Haliotis asinine (LINNAEUS)

Xia ku cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Prunella vulgaris L.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai jiang cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Patrinia villosa (THUNB.) JUSS.
Patrinia scabiosaefolia FISCH. ex TREV.
Patrinia scabiosifolia FISCH. ex. TREV.

Bai tou weng

Plant species contained within preparation

Pulsatilla chinensis (BUNGE) REGEL

Bai xian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Dictamnus dasycarpus TURCZ.

Chuan xin lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Andrographis paniculata (BURM.F.) NEES

Chui pen cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sedum sarmentosum BUNGE

Da qing ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Isatis indigotica FORT.

Hong teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sargentodoxa cuneata (OLIV.) REHD. & WILS.

Jin yin hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Lonicera confusa DC.
Lonicera japonica THUNB.
Lonicera dasystyla REHD.
Lonicera hypoglauca MIQ.

Lian qiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Forsythia suspensa (THUNB.) VAHL

Ma chi xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Portulaca oleracea L.

Pu gong ying

Plant species contained within preparation

Taraxacum mongolicum HAND.-MAZZ.
Taraxacum sinicum KITAG.

Qin pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Fraxinus rhynchophylla HANCE

Shan dou gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Sophora tonkinensis GAGNEP
Sophora subprostrata CHUN & T. CHEN

She gan

Plant species contained within preparation

Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC.

Yu xing cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Houttuynia cordata THUNB.

Zi hua di ding

Plant species contained within preparation

Viola yedoensis MAKINO

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai hua she she cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Hedyotis diffusa WILLD.

Gou teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Uncaria sessilifructus ROXB.
Uncaria hirsuta HAVIL.
Uncaria erhynchophylla (MIQ.) JACKS.
Uncaria sinensis (OLIV.) HAVIL.
Uncaria macrophylla WALL.

Tian ma

Plant species contained within preparation

Gastrodia elata BLUME

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ai ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia argyi H.LEV. & VANIOT

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.
Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ

Bai ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Bletilla striata (THUNB.) RCHB.F.

Bai zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F.
Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F. var. formosana (BOISS.)  

Chui pen cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sedum sarmentosum BUNGE

Cong bai

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium fistulosum L.

Dang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Codonopsis pilosula (FRANCH). NANNF.
Codonopsis tangshen OLIV.

Gan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Glycyrrhiza inflata BAT.
Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
Glycyrrhiza uralensis FISCH. ex DC.

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.
Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.

Qian dan

Plant species contained within preparation

Lead oxide (for topical application)

Ru xiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Boswellia carteri BIRDW.

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Ze qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Euphorbia helioscopia L.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Rou cong rong

Plant species contained within preparation

Cistanche deserticola Y.C. MA

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yang qi zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Actinolitum

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ai ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia argyi H.LEV. & VANIOT

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ
Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.

Bai ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Bletilla striata (THUNB.) RCHB.F.

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yang qi zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Actinolitum

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ai ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia argyi H.LEV. & VANIOT

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.
Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ

Bai ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Bletilla striata (THUNB.) RCHB.F.

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yang qi zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Actinolitum

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ai ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia argyi H.LEV. & VANIOT

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ
Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.

Bai ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Bletilla striata (THUNB.) RCHB.F.

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yang qi zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Actinolitum

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F.
Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F. var. formosana (BOISS.)  

Chi shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia obovata MAXIM.
Paeonia lactiflora PALL.
Paeonia veitchii LYNCH.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

E zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma aromatica SALISB.
Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING
Curcuma kwangsiensis S. LEE et C.F. LIANG
Curcuma zedoaria (BERG.) ROSC.
Curcuma phaeocaulis VALETON

Hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Carthamus tinctorius LINNAEUS

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.
Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.

Yi mu cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Leonurus heterophyllus SWEET

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chuan xiong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligusticum chuanxiong HORT.

Dan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE.

Ji xue teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Spatholobus suberectus DUNN

Jiang huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma longa LINNAEUS

Yan hu suo

Plant species contained within preparation

Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. WANG

Yi mu cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Leonurus heterophyllus SWEET

Yu jin

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING

Alternative Herbal Preparations

An xi xiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Styrax tonkinensis (PIERRE) CRAIB ex HART.
Styrax benzoin DRYAND.

Bing pian

Plant species contained within preparation

Blumea balsamifera L. DC.
Dryobalanops aromatica C.F.GAERTN.

Shi chang pu

Plant species contained within preparation

Acorus tatarinowii SCHOTT.

Su he xiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Liquidambar orientalis MILL.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Dang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Codonopsis tangshen OLIV.
Codonopsis pilosula (FRANCH). NANNF.

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Huang jing

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonatum kingianum COLL. & HEMSL.
Polygonatum sibiricum RED.
Polygonatum cyrtonema HUA

Huang qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus membranaceus (FISCH.)

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Ren shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Panax ginseng C.A. MEY.

Rou cong rong

Plant species contained within preparation

Cistanche deserticola Y.C. MA

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Shan yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea opposita THUNB.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tai zi shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Pseudostellaria heterophylla (MIQ.) PAX ex PAX & HOFFM.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Wu wei zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Schisandra sphenanthera REHD. & WILS.
Schisandra chinensis (TURCZ.) BAILL.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhi gan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
Glycyrrhiza uralensis FISCH. ex DC.
Glycyrrhiza inflata BAT.

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chi shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia obovata MAXIM.
Paeonia lactiflora PALL.
Paeonia veitchii LYNCH.

Chong wei zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Leonurus heterophyllus SWEET

Chuan niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cyathula officinalis KUAN

Chuan xiong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligusticum chuanxiong HORT.

Dan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE.

E zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma phaeocaulis VALETON
Curcuma aromatica SALISB.
Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING
Curcuma kwangsiensis S. LEE et C.F. LIANG
Curcuma zedoaria (BERG.) ROSC.

Fan hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Crocus satisvus L.

Gan qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Toxicodendron vernicifluum (STOKES)

Gui jian yu

Plant species contained within preparation

Euonymus alatus (THUNB.)

Hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Carthamus tinctorius LINNAEUS

Hu zhang

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum cuspidatum SIEB. & ZUCC.

Ji xue teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Spatholobus suberectus DUNN

Jiang huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma longa LINNAEUS

Ling xiao hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Campsis radicans (L. SEEM)
Campsis grandiflora (THUNB.)

Liu ji nu

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia anomala S. MOORE

Lu lu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Liquidambar formosana HANCE

Ma bian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Verbena officinalis LINNAEUS

Mao dong qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Ilex pubescens HOOK. & ARN.

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.
Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Ru xiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Boswellia carteri BIRDW.

San leng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sparganium stoloniferum BUCH. – HAM.

Su mu

Plant species contained within preparation

Caesalpinia sappan L.

Tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH
Prunus davidiana (CARR.) FRANCH.

Wang bu liu xing

Plant species contained within preparation

Vaccaria segetalis (NECK.) GARCKE

Xue jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Daemonorops draco BL.

Yan hu suo

Plant species contained within preparation

Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. WANG

Yi mu cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Leonurus heterophyllus SWEET

Yu jin

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING

Yue ji hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Rosa chinensis JAQU.

Ze lan

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopus lucidus TURCZ. var. hirtus REGEL

Zi ran tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Pyritum (pyrite)

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS
Erodium stephanianum WILLD.
Geranium wilfordii MAXIM

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Pyrola decorata ANDRES
Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES
L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.
Gentiana macrophylla PALL.
Gentiana dahurica FISCH.
Gentiana straminea MAXIM.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus tabuliformis CARR.
Pinus massoniana LAMB.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis hexapetala PALL.
Clematis chinensis OSBECK
Clematis mandshurica RUPR.

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia orientalis L.
Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai hua she she cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Hedyotis diffusa WILLD.

Bai jiang cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Patrinia scabiosifolia FISCH. ex. TREV.
Patrinia villosa (THUNB.) JUSS.
Patrinia scabiosaefolia FISCH. ex TREV.

Bai tou weng

Plant species contained within preparation

Pulsatilla chinensis (BUNGE) REGEL

Ban lan gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Isatis indigotica FORT.
Baphicacanthus cusia (NEES) BREMEK

Bei ban lan gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Isatis indigotica FORT.

Chong lou

Plant species contained within preparation

Paris polyphylla SMITH var. yunnanensis (FRANCH.) HAND.-MAZZ.
Paris polyphylla SMITH var. chinensis (FRANCH) HARA

Chuan xin lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Andrographis paniculata (BURM.F.) NEES

Da qing ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Isatis indigotica FORT.

Hong tian kui

Plant species contained within preparation

Begonia fimbristipula HANCE

Huang bai

Plant species contained within preparation

Phellodendron chinense SCHNEID.
Phellodendron amurense RUPR.

Huang lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Coptis chinensis FRANCH.
Coptis deltoidea C.Y. CHENG & HSIAO
Coptis teeta WALL.

Huang qin

Plant species contained within preparation

Scutellaria baicalensis GEORGI

Jin yin hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Lonicera japonica THUNB.
Lonicera dasystyla REHD.
Lonicera hypoglauca MIQ.
Lonicera confusa DC.

Ku shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Sophora flavescens AIT.

Lian qiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Forsythia suspensa (THUNB.) VAHL

Long dan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana rigescens FRANCH.
Gentiana scabra BUNGE
Gentiana triflora PALL.
Gentiana manshurica KITAG.

Long kui

Plant species contained within preparation

Solanum nigrum LINNAEUS

Ma chi xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Portulaca oleracea L.

Nan ban lan gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Baphicacanthus cusia (NEES.) BREMEK

Nan ban lan ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Baphicacanthus cusia (NEES) BREMEK

Pu gong ying

Plant species contained within preparation

Taraxacum sinicum KITAG.
Taraxacum mongolicum HAND.-MAZZ.

Qin pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Fraxinus rhynchophylla HANCE

Qing dai

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum tinctorium AIT.
Isatis indigotica FORT.
Baphicacanthus cusia (NEES) BREMEK
Indigofera tinctoria L.

Quan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum bistorta LINNAEUS

Ren dong teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Lonicera japonica THUNB.

Shan ci gu

Plant species contained within preparation

Pleione yunnanensis ROLFE
Cremastra appendiculata (D.DON) MAKINO
Pleione bulbocodioides (FRANCH.) ROLFE

Si gua luo

Plant species contained within preparation

Luffa Cylindrica (LINNAEUS) ROEM

Su bai jiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Thlaspi arvense L.

Tian kui zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) MAKINO

Wan nian qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Rohdea japonica ROTH

Wei ling cai

Plant species contained within preparation

Potentilla chinensis SER.

Ya dan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Brucea javanica (LINNAEUS) MERR.

Ye ju hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chrysanthemum indicum LINNAEUS

Yu xing cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Houttuynia cordata THUNB.

Zi hua di ding

Plant species contained within preparation

Viola yedoensis MAKINO

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai wei

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum versicolor BGE.
Cynanchum atratum BGE.

Ji gu cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Abrus cantoniensis HANCE

Lian qiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Forsythia suspensa (THUNB.) VAHL

Quan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum bistorta LINNAEUS

Tian kui zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Semiaquilegia adoxoides (DC.) MAKINO

Xia ku cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Prunella vulgaris L.

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Rou cong rong

Plant species contained within preparation

Cistanche deserticola Y.C. MA

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ci shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Magnetite (Fe3O4)

Hu po

Plant species contained within preparation

Amber

Long chi

Plant species contained within preparation

Fossilized teeth

Mu li

Plant species contained within preparation

Ostrea talienwhanensis CROSSE
Ostrea gigas THUNBERG

Sheng tie luo

Plant species contained within preparation

Iron Oxide

Zhen zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Pteria martensii (DUNKER)
Cristaria plicata (LEACH)
Hyriopsis cumingii (LEA)

Zi bei chi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erosaria caputserpentis (LINNAEUS)
Cypraea lynx (LINNAEUS)
Cypraea tigris (LINNAEUS)
Mauritia arabica (LINNAEUS)

Zi shi ying

Plant species contained within preparation

Fluorite mineral (CaF2)

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai mao gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Imperata cylindrica BEAUV. var. major (NEES) C.E. HUBB

Mu dan pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia suffruticosa ANDR.

Sheng di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Zi cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Arnebia euchroma (ROYLE) JOHNST.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai wei

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum atratum BGE.
Cynanchum versicolor BGE.

Da qing ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Isatis indigotica FORT.

Jin yin hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Lonicera hypoglauca MIQ.
Lonicera confusa DC.
Lonicera japonica THUNB.
Lonicera dasystyla REHD.

Lian qiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Forsythia suspensa (THUNB.) VAHL

Long gu

Plant species contained within preparation

Fossilized bones

Sheng di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH

Shi gao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gypsum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Rou cong rong

Plant species contained within preparation

Cistanche deserticola Y.C. MA

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Rou cong rong

Plant species contained within preparation

Cistanche deserticola Y.C. MA

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Bu gu zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Psoralea corylifolia L.

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Jiu cai zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium tuberosum ROTTL. ex SPRENG.

Rou cong rong

Plant species contained within preparation

Cistanche deserticola Y.C. MA

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yi zhi ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Alpinia oxyphylla MIQ.

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.
Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI

Zhong ru shi

Plant species contained within preparation

Stalactitum

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS
Erodium stephanianum WILLD.
Geranium wilfordii MAXIM

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES
Pyrola decorata ANDRES
Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.
Gentiana macrophylla PALL.
Gentiana dahurica FISCH.
Gentiana straminea MAXIM.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus tabuliformis CARR.
Pinus massoniana LAMB.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis mandshurica RUPR.
Clematis hexapetala PALL.
Clematis chinensis OSBECK

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO
Sigesbeckia orientalis L.

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Geranium wilfordii MAXIM
Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS
Erodium stephanianum WILLD.

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES
Pyrola decorata ANDRES
Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana straminea MAXIM.
Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.
Gentiana macrophylla PALL.
Gentiana dahurica FISCH.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus massoniana LAMB.
Pinus tabuliformis CARR.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis chinensis OSBECK
Clematis mandshurica RUPR.
Clematis hexapetala PALL.

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia orientalis L.
Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Erodium stephanianum WILLD.
Geranium wilfordii MAXIM
Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES
L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES
Pyrola decorata ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana macrophylla PALL.
Gentiana dahurica FISCH.
Gentiana straminea MAXIM.
Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus tabuliformis CARR.
Pinus massoniana LAMB.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis chinensis OSBECK
Clematis mandshurica RUPR.
Clematis hexapetala PALL.

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO
Sigesbeckia orientalis L.

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS
Erodium stephanianum WILLD.
Geranium wilfordii MAXIM

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES
Pyrola decorata ANDRES
Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.
Gentiana macrophylla PALL.
Gentiana dahurica FISCH.
Gentiana straminea MAXIM.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus tabuliformis CARR.
Pinus massoniana LAMB.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis mandshurica RUPR.
Clematis hexapetala PALL.
Clematis chinensis OSBECK

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO
Sigesbeckia orientalis L.

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Geranium wilfordii MAXIM
Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS
Erodium stephanianum WILLD.

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES
Pyrola decorata ANDRES
Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana straminea MAXIM.
Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.
Gentiana macrophylla PALL.
Gentiana dahurica FISCH.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus massoniana LAMB.
Pinus tabuliformis CARR.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis chinensis OSBECK
Clematis mandshurica RUPR.
Clematis hexapetala PALL.

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia orientalis L.
Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chou wu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Clerodendrum trichotomum THUNB.

Chuan shan long

Plant species contained within preparation

Dioscorea nipponica MAKINO

Chuan tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Kalopanax septemlobus (THUNB.) KOIDZ.

Du huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica pubescens MAXIM. f.biserrata
SHAN & YUAN

Hai feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Piper kadsura (CHOISY) OHWI

Hai tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Erythrina variegata L.

Hu ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Viscum coloratum (KOMAR.) NAKAI

Kuan jin teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Tinospora sinensis (LOUR.)

Lao guan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Erodium stephanianum WILLD.
Geranium wilfordii MAXIM
Geranium carolinianum LINNAEUS

Liang mian zhen

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum nitidum (ROXB.) DC

Lu xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Pyrola calliantha H. ANDRES
L. ssp. chinensis H. ANDRES
Pyrola decorata ANDRES

Luo shi teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Trachelospermum jasminoides (LINDL.)

Mu gua

Plant species contained within preparation

Chaenomeles speciosa (SWEET) NAKAI

Mu mian pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Bombax malabaricum DC.

Qian nian jian

Plant species contained within preparation

Homalomena occulta (LOUR.) SCHOTT

Qin jiao

Plant species contained within preparation

Gentiana dahurica FISCH.
Gentiana straminea MAXIM.
Gentiana crassicaulis DUTHIE ex BURK.
Gentiana macrophylla PALL.

Qing feng teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sinomenium acutum (THUNB.)

Sang ji sheng

Plant species contained within preparation

Taxillus chinensis (DC.) DANSER

Sang zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba L.

Shen jin cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopodium japonicum THUNB.

Song jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Pinus massoniana LAMB.
Pinus tabuliformis CARR.

Wei ling xian

Plant species contained within preparation

Clematis chinensis OSBECK
Clematis mandshurica RUPR.
Clematis hexapetala PALL.

Wu jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Acanthopanax gracilistylus W.W. SMITH

Xi xian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sigesbeckia pubescens MAKINO
Sigesbeckia orientalis L.

Xiang jia pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Periploca sepium BGE.

Xu chang qing

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynanchum paniculatum (BGE.) KITAG.

Zhe tong pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Zanthoxylum ailanthoides SIEB. & ZUCC.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai mao gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Imperata cylindrica BEAUV. var. major (NEES) C.E. HUBB

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Mu dan pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia suffruticosa ANDR.

Sang ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus Alba L.

Sheng di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Zi cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Arnebia euchroma (ROYLE) JOHNST.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chi shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia obovata MAXIM.
Paeonia lactiflora PALL.
Paeonia veitchii LYNCH.

Chuan niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cyathula officinalis KUAN

Chuan xiong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligusticum chuanxiong HORT.

Dan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE.

E zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma phaeocaulis VALETON
Curcuma aromatica SALISB.
Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING
Curcuma kwangsiensis S. LEE et C.F. LIANG
Curcuma zedoaria (BERG.) ROSC.

Fan hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Crocus satisvus L.

Gan qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Toxicodendron vernicifluum (STOKES)

Gui jian yu

Plant species contained within preparation

Euonymus alatus (THUNB.)

Hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Carthamus tinctorius LINNAEUS

Hu zhang

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum cuspidatum SIEB. & ZUCC.

Ji xue teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Spatholobus suberectus DUNN

Jiang huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma longa LINNAEUS

Ling xiao hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Campsis grandiflora (THUNB.)
Campsis radicans (L. SEEM)

Liu ji nu

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia anomala S. MOORE

Lu lu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Liquidambar formosana HANCE

Ma bian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Verbena officinalis LINNAEUS

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.
Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

San leng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sparganium stoloniferum BUCH. – HAM.

Su mu

Plant species contained within preparation

Caesalpinia sappan L.

Tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH
Prunus davidiana (CARR.) FRANCH.

Wang bu liu xing

Plant species contained within preparation

Vaccaria segetalis (NECK.) GARCKE

Xue jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Daemonorops draco BL.

Yan hu suo

Plant species contained within preparation

Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. WANG

Yi mu cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Leonurus heterophyllus SWEET

Yu jin

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING

Yue ji hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Rosa chinensis JAQU.

Ze lan

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopus lucidus TURCZ. var. hirtus REGEL

Zi ran tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Pyritum (pyrite)

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ai ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia argyi H.LEV. & VANIOT

Long yan rou

Plant species contained within preparation

Dimocarpus longan (LOUR.) STEUD.

Sang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba LINNAEUS

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ
Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.

Bei sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Glehnia littoralis FR. SCHMIDT ex MIQ.

Chu zhi zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) VENT.

Hei zhi ma

Plant species contained within preparation

Sesamum indicum LINNAEUS

Mai men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ophiopogon japonicus (THUNB.) KER-GAWL.

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Nan sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Adenophora stricta MIQ.

Nu zhen zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligustrum lucidum AIT.

Shi hu

Plant species contained within preparation

Dendrobium chrysanthum WALL.
Dendrobium loddigesii ROLFE.
Dendrobium candidum WALL. Ex LINDL.
Dendrobium fimbriatum HOOK.f
Dendrobium nobile LINDL.

Tian men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Asparagus cochinchinensis (LOUR.) MERR.

Xi yang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Panax quinquefolius LINNAEUS

Yin er

Plant species contained within preparation

Tremella fuciformis BERK.

Yu zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonatum odoratum (MILL.) DRUCE

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Sang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba LINNAEUS

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ
Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.

Bai ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Bletilla striata (THUNB.) RCHB.F.

Bai zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F.
Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F. var. formosana (BOISS.)  

Chui pen cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sedum sarmentosum BUNGE

Cong bai

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium fistulosum L.

Dang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Codonopsis pilosula (FRANCH). NANNF.
Codonopsis tangshen OLIV.

Gan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
Glycyrrhiza uralensis FISCH. ex DC.
Glycyrrhiza inflata BAT.

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.
Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.

Qian dan

Plant species contained within preparation

Lead oxide (for topical application)

Ru xiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Boswellia carteri BIRDW.

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Xue jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Daemonorops draco BL.

Ze qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Euphorbia helioscopia L.

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.
Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ

Bei sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Glehnia littoralis FR. SCHMIDT ex MIQ.

Chu zhi zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) VENT.

Hei zhi ma

Plant species contained within preparation

Sesamum indicum LINNAEUS

Mai men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ophiopogon japonicus (THUNB.) KER-GAWL.

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Nan sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Adenophora stricta MIQ.

Nu zhen zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligustrum lucidum AIT.

Shi hu

Plant species contained within preparation

Dendrobium fimbriatum HOOK.f
Dendrobium nobile LINDL.
Dendrobium chrysanthum WALL.
Dendrobium loddigesii ROLFE.
Dendrobium candidum WALL. Ex LINDL.

Tian men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Asparagus cochinchinensis (LOUR.) MERR.

Xi yang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Panax quinquefolius LINNAEUS

Yin er

Plant species contained within preparation

Tremella fuciformis BERK.

Yu zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonatum odoratum (MILL.) DRUCE

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.
Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ

Bei sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Glehnia littoralis FR. SCHMIDT ex MIQ.

Chu zhi zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) VENT.

Hei zhi ma

Plant species contained within preparation

Sesamum indicum LINNAEUS

Mai men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ophiopogon japonicus (THUNB.) KER-GAWL.

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Nan sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Adenophora stricta MIQ.

Nu zhen zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligustrum lucidum AIT.

Shi hu

Plant species contained within preparation

Dendrobium loddigesii ROLFE.
Dendrobium candidum WALL. Ex LINDL.
Dendrobium fimbriatum HOOK.f
Dendrobium nobile LINDL.
Dendrobium chrysanthum WALL.

Tian men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Asparagus cochinchinensis (LOUR.) MERR.

Xi yang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Panax quinquefolius LINNAEUS

Yin er

Plant species contained within preparation

Tremella fuciformis BERK.

Yu zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonatum odoratum (MILL.) DRUCE

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.
Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ

Bei sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Glehnia littoralis FR. SCHMIDT ex MIQ.

Chu zhi zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) VENT.

Hei zhi ma

Plant species contained within preparation

Sesamum indicum LINNAEUS

Mai men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ophiopogon japonicus (THUNB.) KER-GAWL.

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Nan sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Adenophora stricta MIQ.

Nu zhen zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligustrum lucidum AIT.

Shi hu

Plant species contained within preparation

Dendrobium candidum WALL. Ex LINDL.
Dendrobium fimbriatum HOOK.f
Dendrobium nobile LINDL.
Dendrobium chrysanthum WALL.
Dendrobium loddigesii ROLFE.

Tian men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Asparagus cochinchinensis (LOUR.) MERR.

Xi yang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Panax quinquefolius LINNAEUS

Yin er

Plant species contained within preparation

Tremella fuciformis BERK.

Yu zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonatum odoratum (MILL.) DRUCE

Medical Functions

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ba ji tian

Plant species contained within preparation

Morinda officinalis F.C.HOW

Du zhong

Plant species contained within preparation

Eucommia ulmoides OLIV.

Gou ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Cibotium barometz (L.) J. SM.

Gu sui bu

Plant species contained within preparation

Drynaria fortunei (KUNZE ex METT.) J.SM

He tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Juglans regia L.

Hu lu ba

Plant species contained within preparation

Trigonella foenum-graecum L.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

Sha yuan zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Astragalus complanatus R. BR.

Suo yang

Plant species contained within preparation

Cynomorium songaricum RUPR.

Tu si zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cuscuta chinensis LAM.

Xian mao

Plant species contained within preparation

Curculigo orchioides GAERTN.

Xu duan

Plant species contained within preparation

Dipsacus asperoides C.Y. CHENG & T.M. AI

Yin yang huo

Plant species contained within preparation

Epimedium brevicornu MAXIM.
Epimedium wushanense T.S. Ying
Epimedium sagittatum (SIE. & ZUCC.) MAXIM.
Epimedium koreanum NAKAI
Epimedium pubescens MAXIM.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai mao gen

Plant species contained within preparation

Imperata cylindrica BEAUV. var. major (NEES) C.E. HUBB

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Mu dan pi

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia suffruticosa ANDR.

Sang ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus Alba L.

Sheng di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Zi cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Arnebia euchroma (ROYLE) JOHNST.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Chi shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia obovata MAXIM.
Paeonia lactiflora PALL.
Paeonia veitchii LYNCH.

Chuan niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Cyathula officinalis KUAN

Chuan xiong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligusticum chuanxiong HORT.

Dan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Salvia miltiorrhiza BGE.

E zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma zedoaria (BERG.) ROSC.
Curcuma phaeocaulis VALETON
Curcuma aromatica SALISB.
Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING
Curcuma kwangsiensis S. LEE et C.F. LIANG

Fan hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Crocus satisvus L.

Gan qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Toxicodendron vernicifluum (STOKES)

Gui jian yu

Plant species contained within preparation

Euonymus alatus (THUNB.)

Hong hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Carthamus tinctorius LINNAEUS

Hu zhang

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum cuspidatum SIEB. & ZUCC.

Ji xue teng

Plant species contained within preparation

Spatholobus suberectus DUNN

Jiang huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma longa LINNAEUS

Ling xiao hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Campsis grandiflora (THUNB.)
Campsis radicans (L. SEEM)

Liu ji nu

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia anomala S. MOORE

Lu lu tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Liquidambar formosana HANCE

Ma bian cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Verbena officinalis LINNAEUS

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.
Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.

Niu xi

Plant species contained within preparation

Achyranthes bidentata BLUME

San leng

Plant species contained within preparation

Sparganium stoloniferum BUCH. – HAM.

Su mu

Plant species contained within preparation

Caesalpinia sappan L.

Tao ren

Plant species contained within preparation

Prunus persica (L.) BATSCH
Prunus davidiana (CARR.) FRANCH.

Wang bu liu xing

Plant species contained within preparation

Vaccaria segetalis (NECK.) GARCKE

Xue jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Daemonorops draco BL.

Yan hu suo

Plant species contained within preparation

Corydalis yanhusuo W.T. WANG

Yi mu cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Leonurus heterophyllus SWEET

Yu jin

Plant species contained within preparation

Curcuma wenyujin Y.H. CHEN & C. LING

Yue ji hua

Plant species contained within preparation

Rosa chinensis JAQU.

Ze lan

Plant species contained within preparation

Lycopus lucidus TURCZ. var. hirtus REGEL

Zi ran tong

Plant species contained within preparation

Pyritum (pyrite)

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Ai ye

Plant species contained within preparation

Artemisia argyi H.LEV. & VANIOT

Long yan rou

Plant species contained within preparation

Dimocarpus longan (LOUR.) STEUD.

Sang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba LINNAEUS

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ
Lilium pumilum DC.
Lilium lancifolium THUNB.

Bei sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Glehnia littoralis FR. SCHMIDT ex MIQ.

Chu zhi zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) VENT.

Hei zhi ma

Plant species contained within preparation

Sesamum indicum LINNAEUS

Mai men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Ophiopogon japonicus (THUNB.) KER-GAWL.

Mo han lian

Plant species contained within preparation

Eclipta prostrata LINNAEUS

Nan sha shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Adenophora stricta MIQ.

Nu zhen zi

Plant species contained within preparation

Ligustrum lucidum AIT.

Shi hu

Plant species contained within preparation

Dendrobium chrysanthum WALL.
Dendrobium loddigesii ROLFE.
Dendrobium candidum WALL. Ex LINDL.
Dendrobium fimbriatum HOOK.f
Dendrobium nobile LINDL.

Tian men dong

Plant species contained within preparation

Asparagus cochinchinensis (LOUR.) MERR.

Xi yang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Panax quinquefolius LINNAEUS

Yin er

Plant species contained within preparation

Tremella fuciformis BERK.

Yu zhu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonatum odoratum (MILL.) DRUCE

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai shao

Plant species contained within preparation

Paeonia lactiflora PALL.

Dang gui

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica sinensis (OLIV.) DIELS

Sang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Morus alba LINNAEUS

Shu di huang

Plant species contained within preparation

Rehmannia glutinosa LIBOSCH.

Zhi he shou wu

Plant species contained within preparation

Polygonum multiflorum THUNB.

Alternative Herbal Preparations

Bai he

Plant species contained within preparation

Lilium lancifolium THUNB.
Lilium brownii F.E.BR. ex MIELLEZ
Lilium pumilum DC.

Bai ji

Plant species contained within preparation

Bletilla striata (THUNB.) RCHB.F.

Bai zhi

Plant species contained within preparation

Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F.
Angelica dahurica (FISCH ex HOFFM.) BENTH. ET. HOOK. F. var. formosana (BOISS.)  

Chui pen cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Sedum sarmentosum BUNGE

Cong bai

Plant species contained within preparation

Allium fistulosum L.

Dang shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Codonopsis tangshen OLIV.
Codonopsis pilosula (FRANCH). NANNF.

Gan cao

Plant species contained within preparation

Glycyrrhiza glabra L.
Glycyrrhiza uralensis FISCH. ex DC.
Glycyrrhiza inflata BAT.

Mo yao

Plant species contained within preparation

Balsamodendron ehrenbergianum BERG.
Commiphora myrrha (T.NEES) ENGL.

Qian dan

Plant species contained within preparation

Lead oxide (for topical application)

Ru xiang

Plant species contained within preparation

Boswellia carteri BIRDW.

Xuan shen

Plant species contained within preparation

Scrophularia ningpoensis HEMSL.

Xue jie

Plant species contained within preparation

Daemonorops draco BL.

Ze qi

Plant species contained within preparation

Euphorbia helioscopia L.